The results of a 2 minute Google search:
“In some cases, a person may not be a refugee, but may nevertheless face significant human rights abuses, such as torture, if returned to his or her country of origin. If an asylum seeker is found not to be a refugee, DIAC will assess whether he or she meets complementary protection criteria – that is, whether he or she is owed protection under the ICCPR, CAT or CRC. If a person is found to be owed complementary protection, and satisfies health, identity and security requirements, he or she will be granted a protection visa.”
“The majority of the world’s refugees live in countries bordering their own. Some refugee camps can hold hundreds of thousands of people, in conditions that are, at best, very difficult. For the six million refugees in what UNHCR classifies as “protracted situations”, the average length of time spent in a refugee camp is 17 years. Food and water supplies are unpredictable and refugees are often not allowed to leave or work outside the camp. Violence, especially rape, is common.
A growing number of refugees are unable to reach refugee camps or seek asylum in areas where there are no camps. UNHCR estimates that more than half of the world’s refugees live in urban areas, while around a quarter live in camps.”
“During mass movements of refugees (usually as a result of conflicts or generalized violence as opposed to individual persecution), there is not – and never will be – a capacity to conduct individual asylum interviews for everyone who has crossed the border. Nor is it usually necessary, since in such circumstances it is generally evident why they have fled. As a result, such groups are often declared “prima facie” refugees.”
“When you “seek asylum” you are asking the Australian government to give you asylum so that you do not have to return home. If you are in danger in your home country you can seek asylum to stay here in Australia by applying for a Protection visa. You are an asylum seeker in Australia if:
- You are in Australia
- You believe you are a refugee
- You are applying for protection to the Australian government so that you can stay here
If you are in Australia and you think that you are a refugee then you can seek asylum by applying for a Protection visa to the Department of Immigration and Citizenship (DIAC). If you are not a refugee then you will not be able to get a Protection visa. There may be other visa options which are better for you or it may be better for you to return home. You should get help from a registered migration agent to decide whether you are a refugee and whether to apply for a Protection visa. A registered migration agent can also help you to prepare your Protection visa application.”
“Refugees from Iraq have increased in number since the US-led invasion into Iraq in March 2003. An estimated 1.6-2.0 million people have fled the country. The United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees estimated in a report released in November 2006 that more than 1.6 million Iraqis had left Iraq since March 2003, nearly 7 percent of the total population.”
- Between 152,280 – 192,550 civilians have died and more will die in Afghanistan, Iraq, and Pakistan as a result of the fighting at the hands of all parties to the conflict.
- The armed conflict in Pakistan, which the US helps the Pakistani military fight by funding, equipping and training them, has taken even more lives than the conflict in neighboring Afghanistan. The conflict in Pakistan nonetheless receives less coverage in the US news.
- The United States is at war in Yemen. During 2012, the Obama administration has quickened its pace of drone strikes in the country with more than 20 US airstrikes over a span of five months. An increasing number of drone strikes target individuals whom the administration suspects have links to terrorist groups but whom policymakers view as leaders of factions striving to gain territory in Yemen’s internal conflict.  According to one very conservative estimate, one fifth of those killed in drone strikes are civilians.
- Putting together all of the war’s dead, our moderate estimate is that 313,890 have died. These totals include US and allied uniformed troops, US contractors, national military and police in the war zones, civilians, opposition forces, journalists, and humanitarian and NGO workers.
- Indirect deaths from the wars, including those related to malnutrition, damaged health infrastructure, and environmental degradation, may far outnumber deaths from combat. While these deaths are difficult to count, a 2008 survey estimates a ratio of four indirect deaths to one direct death in contemporary conflicts. This would put the mortality figure at five times the civilian direct death toll (193,000), meaning that approximately 965,000 civilians have perished on account of the war.
- Millions of people have been displaced indefinitely and are living in grossly inadequate conditions. As of January 2012, the number of war refugees and displaced persons –7,394,248– is equivalent to all of the people of Connecticut and Oregon fleeing their homes.
- The wars have been accompanied by erosions in civil liberties at home and human rights violations abroad.
Seriously bogans… A 2 minute Google search. How about you continue the search?